© 2022 Tatiana Vladimirovna VOLDINA
MA&B 2022 – № 2(24)
Voldina T.V. (2022) Predstavleniya obskikh ugrov o prichinakh boleznej (po materialam K.F. Kar’yalajnena i P. Yaasalmi-Kryuger [Ideas of the Ob Ugrians about the causes of diseases (based on the materials of K.F. Karjalainen and P. Yaasalmi-Kruger], Meditsinskaya antropologiya i bioetika [Medical Anthropology and Bioethics], 2(24).
Tatiana Vladimirovna Voldina –
Candidate of Historical Sciences,
Ob-Ugric Institute of Applied Research and Development
Keywords: Ob Ugrians, folk medicine, names of diseases, mythological ideas about diseases, spirits of diseases, mythological ideas about the causes of diseases.
Abstract: To understand the origins of folk beliefs and the genesis of the traditions of traditional medicine of the Khanty and Mansi, the study conducted by K.F. Karjalainen during their active work in the late XIX – early XX centuries is of great importance. According to the ideas of the Ob Ugrians, diseases had a supernatural origin and were caused by certain spirits who lived in the lower world. In order to prevent threatening dangers or eliminate illness, it was necessary to propitiate the god of death and disease. Over time, the personalized spirits of diseases have lost their meaning and are forgotten.
The study by P. Yaasalmi-Kruger significantly supplemented these data. The emergence of diseases was seen by the Ob Ugrians as the result of violations of certain taboos by people. For health and long life, it was important to observe traditions as a preventive measure. Special attention was paid to maintaining the harmonious states of the soul-breath and soul-shadow of a person.
Kar’ialainen, K.F. (1994) Religiia iugorskikh narodov [Religion of the Yugra peoples], т. I, Tomsk: Izd-vo Tomskogo un-ta.
Kar’ialainen, K.F. (1995) Religiia iugorskikh narodov [Religion of the Yugra peoples], т. II, Tomsk: Izd-vo Tomskogo un-ta.
Kar’ialainen, K.F. (1996) Religiia iugorskikh narodov [Religion of the Yugra peoples], т. III, Tomsk: Izd-vo Tomskogo un-ta.
Jӓӓsalmi-Krüger, P. (1990) Ostjakische Krankheitsnamen und deren Benennungsmotivation. Eine onomasiologisch-semasiologische Untersuchung [Ostyak disease names and their naming motivation. An onomasiological-semasiological study], Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.
Karjalainen, K.F. (1921) Die Religion der Jugra-Vӧlker [Religion of the Yugra peoples], B. I, Porvoo: Werner soderstrom osakeyhtio.
Karjalainen, K.F. (1922) Die Religion der Jugra-Vӧlker [Religion of the Yugra peoples], B. II, Porvoo: Werner soderstrom osakeyhtio.
Karjalainen, K.F. (1927) Die Religion der Jugra-Vӧlker [Religion of the Yugra peoples], B. III, Porvoo: Werner soderstrom osakeyhtio.
Voldina, T.V. (2020) O problemakh sbora polevykh materialov po traditsionnoi kul’ture i fol’kloru obskikh ugrov v Iugre i na sopredel’nykh territoriiakh v nachale XXI veka [On the problems of collecting field materials on the traditional culture and folklore of the Ob Ugrians in Yugra and adjacent territories at the beginning of the 21st century], Nauchnyi vestnik Iamalo-Nenetskogo avtonomnogo okruga [Scientific Bulletin of the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District], № 1, p. 4–8.