© 2017 Valentina PETROVA
2017 – №2 (14)
Key words:pregnancy, childbirth, obstetrics, nomadic life, woman, nomads, Evens, Evenks, Yukagirs, Chukchi, Koryaks, Dolgans
Abstract:The article analyses characteristics of childbirth and obstetrics under conditions of nomadic life of the Evens, Evenks, Yukagirs, Chukchi, Koryaks and Dolgans. The author describes how the nomadic lifestyle is different from that of settled peoples, which is also evident in how nomadic women carry pregnancy and give birth. It reveals a number of prohibitions aimed at preserving the moral and physical health, psychological climate in the family of the future mother; bans and restrictions (mainly in relation to food) to protect the future child from physical impairments; some magical prohibitions that, according to beliefs of these peoples, contributed to successful childbirth and benefited the child.
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