© 2015 Mark Vasilievich GOLOVIZNIN, Julia Anatolyevna ISAEVA, Galina Sergeevna SCHEPETKOVA
2015 – №2 (10)
Key words: homeopathy, allopathy, scientific experiment, folk medicine, positivism
Abstract: Public reforms in the Russian Empire of the second half of the nineteenth century stimulated social activity in various strata of Russian society, including among physicians and their patients. The result of this activity was the appearance of printed publications, such as “Medical Bulletin” and others, designed for public resonance. They discussed issues that, to put it in modern terms, can be reduced to the problem of the nation’s health. This article presents excerpts and analysis of polemical articles which supported introduction of the homeopathic method into Russian medicine, as well objections to it. The sources show both social and scientific aspects of the confrontation between the supporters and opponents of homeopathy. The natural-scientific revolution objectively contributed to the growth of the positivist worldview and the victory of allopathy.
* The article is also published in the paper edition:
Meditsinskaia antropologiia: kul’tura i zdorov’e. Sb. statei / otv. red. V.I. Kharitonova; In-t etnologii i antropologii im. N.N. Miklukho-Maklaia RAN; Assotsiatsiia meditsinskikh antropologov. – M.: IEA RAN, 2016. (Trudy po meditsinskoi antropologii). [Medical Anthropology: Culture and Health. Collection of articles / Ed. V.I. Kharitonova; Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology named after N.N. Miklouho-Maclay RAS; Association of Medical Anthropologists. – Moscow: IEA RAS, 2016. (Works on medical anthropology).]
Nachalo gomeopatii i nastoiashchee ee polozhenie [The beginning of homeopathy and its present position] (1895) SPb.
Meditsinskii vestnik. Ezhenedel’naia gazeta [Medical bulletin. Weekly newspaper], 1862, November 17.
This article is available in full version in Russian