© 2015 Ruslan Sergeevich MITROFANOV

2015 – №2 (10)

Снимок экрана 2017-09-20 в 9.29.45Key words: comparative racial psychiatry, the German Empire, the Russian Empire, E. Kraepelin, E.M. Budul, late 19th – early 20th centuries, psychiatry, discursive practices, M. Foucault.

Abstract: This study is devoted to the problem of institutionalization of the scientific discipline – comparative racial psychiatry in Germany and Russia at the end of the 19th – beginning of the 20th century. The author tries to outline parallel ways of development of the two disciplines in the imperial era, to find a certain continuity in their development, and also to find similarities and differences of their institutional models. The purpose of this work is to examine the genealogy of German and Russian comparative racial psychiatry through an analysis of its discursive practices (according to M. Foucault) in order to show how certain theories (of racial and social hygiene, degeneration) which were dominant in the scientific community of the late 19th – early 20th century constructed an idea of ​​the “norm” and deviation of physical and “spiritual development” of the human.


* The article is also published in the paper edition:

Meditsinskaia antropologiia: kul’tura i zdorov’e. Sb. statei / otv. red. V.I. Kharitonova; In-t etnologii i antropologii im. N.N. Miklukho-Maklaia RAN; Assotsiatsiia meditsinskikh antropologov. – M.: IEA RAN, 2016. (Trudy po meditsinskoi antropologii). [Medical Anthropology: Culture and Health. Collection of articles / Ed. V.I. Kharitonova; Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology named after N.N. Miklouho-Maclay RAS; Association of Medical Anthropologists. – Moscow: IEA RAS, 2016. (Works on medical anthropology).]


Budul, E.M. (1914) K sravnitel’noi rasovoi psikhiatrii [On comparative racial psychiatry], Iur.

Buianov, M.I. (1993) Delo Beilisa [The Beilis case], M.

Grot’ian, A. (1923) Sotsial’naia gigiena i problema vyrozhdeniia. Trudy s”ezdov Obshchestva russkikh vrachei im. N. I. Pirogova [Social hygiene and the problem of degeneration. Proceedings of the Congresses of the Society of Russian Physicians. N. I. Pirogova], M., p. 270–272.

Khramov, A. (2011) Retsenziia na knigu: Elena Vishlenkova. Vizual’noe narodovedenie imperii [Review of the book: Elena Vishlenkova. Visual ethnology of the empire], Voprosy natsionalizma [Issues of nationalism], №7, p. 236–238.

Kraepelin, E. (1904) Sravnitel’naia psikhiatriia [Comparative psychiatry], Tsentral’nyi zhurnal nevrologii i psikhiatrii [Central Journal of Neurology and Psychiatry], p. 433–437;

Mesh, G. (1998) Chernosotentsy ot tserkvi i nauki protianuli drug drugu ruki. Ikh blagoslovilo pravitel’stvo [The Black Hundreds of the Church and Science held out their hands to each other. They were blessed by the government], Vestnik [Bulletin], M., p. 5.

Mogil’ner, M. (2008) Homo imperii: istoriia fiz. antropologii v Rossii (konets XIX-nach. XX v.) [Homo imperii: the history of the physical anthropology in Russia (late XIX-early XX century)], M., Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie [New Literary Review].

Poliakov, L. (1996) Ariiskii mif. Issledovanie istokov rasizma [The Aryan myth. A study of the origins of racism], Spb., Evraziia.

Sirotkina, I. E. (2008) Klassiki i psikhiatry: psikhiatriia v rossiiskoi kul’ture kontsa XIX – nachala XX veka [Classics and psychiatrists: psychiatry in Russian culture of the late XIX – early XX century], M., Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie[New Literary Review].

Tager, A.S. (1934) Tsarskaia Rossiia i delo Beilisa [Tsarist Russia and the Beilis case], M., OGIZ.

Wundt, W. (2001) Problemy psikhologii narodov [Problems in Cultural Psychology], SPb., Piter.

This article is available in full version in Russian

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *